1. Belgrade Fortress
Initially, Belgrade Fortress Kalemegdan functioned as Roman military camp in the 1st century, when it was built. Often being an object of battles, Belgrade has a long and bloody history behind its back. The capital of Serbia had been destroyed 40 times, which can be noticed by the fortress's outlook - the wall layers are several, each one representing separate historic period. Belgrade is one of the most ancient European cities although nowadays it is a modern and dynamic city. In 1760 the Fortress took its final appearance which is preserved today, by adding outer fortifications by the Turkish.
2. National Park Tara
The Tara National Park is situated in the western part of Serbia on 19,200 hectares of land. Few are the mountain peaks that fit in its territory. Drina River, the natural borderline with Bosnia and Herzegovina, is also a part of it. The imposing Drina River Gorge is a favourite destination for boating and rafting. The beautiful nature amazes all the visitors with its thick forests, deep caves, picturesque waterfalls and large diversity of flora and fauna. The rare Pancic Spruce dates back to pre-historic times. All kinds of tourist facilities are available within the park.
3. Devil's Town
Devil's Town (Djavolja Varos) is located on the southern part of Serbia, on the bank of Tuta River (Yellow River). The formations are due to the erosion processes which resulted in 202 stone pyramids varying from 2 to 15 meters. The stone phenomenon is one of the most curious landmarks of the country. Two springs are vomiting acid water as if protecting the stone columns with its dangerous eruptions. In 1995 Djavolja Varos was announced a Natural Monument.
4. The Building of the National Assembly of Serbia
The construction of the Building of the National Assembly of Serbia started in 1907 but after the death of its architect Jovan Ilkic, due to the loss of his plans, the work stopped. The building process was resumed by his son Pavle who drew up new plans. The place of the edifice was not chosen by chance - it is near the present Tasmajdan Park - the place where liberty was given back to the Serbians. The National Assembly was officially opened to public in 1936. All the visitors should prearrange their visits in order to get to know with the activities of the legislative body in the country.
5. Gamzigrad - Romuliana
Gamzigrad - Romuliana is a Roman-time palace and memorial complex, located in the eastern regions of Serbia. It dates back to the late 3rd and beginning of the 4th century and was ordered by Emperor Caius Valerius Galerius Maximianus. The Palace is named after the emperor's mother Romula - Felix Romuliana. The ancient complex includes: the palace, fortifications, basilicas, temples, hot baths, memorial complex, and a tetrapylon. Both ceremonial and memorial rituals have been held there. Gamzigrad - Romuliana is illustrative example of the Roman period which left numerous evidences within Serbia's territory.
Subotica is situated in the northern parts of Serbia, 180 km away from Belgrade. Being a modern city, Subotica captivates its visitors with its exquisite architecture from 19th and 20th century: the Synagogue, City Hall, the Raichle Palace and the City Library. The buildings in the center of the city are distinguished with colorful Zsolnay ceramics. Subotica is also a proud owner of neoclassical 19th-century theater with six columns. The first performance happened in 1474. As of today, drama performances in two languages could be seen: in Serbian and Hungarian.
7. Zica Monastery
Zica Monastery was built in the memory of Stefan I - the first Serbian king, during the period 1206-1217. The monastery is connected with the Serbian people's history and religion. The Serbian Church was proclaimed independent in 1219. The turbulent historical events didn't pass the holy place - it had been ruined several times but fortunately, many restoration works have been undertaken during the years. From architectural point of view, Zica is a Rashka style monastery - its red facade imitates the architecture of the Holy Mountain. Three individual frescoes, reminiscent of different periods, could be found there - those painted by Constantinople painters, those of early 1240s in the towers' chapel and those of 1309-1316.
8. Petrovaradin Fortress, Novi Sad
Petrovaradin Fortress was raised in the end of 17th and the beginning of the 18th century by Austro-Hungarian engineers. It hides beneath 16 km long corridors. The Fortress is a real architectural achievement, insusceptible of the damages of time. The Clock Tower was meant to be noticed form great distances - so the big hand points the hour, the small one - the minutes. Petrovaradin Fortress is unparalleled art hub - as a matter of fact, it is the largest art colony in the world with more than 88 studios. No tourist would miss enjoying a drink or a local meal at the majestic terrace of the Fortress.
The well-known Lake Palic is only 8 km away from Subotica. The lake is 8 km long, almost 1000 m wide and 2 m deep. Many people were attracted by the healing water of the lake in the 19th century, when the first spa was established. Currently, the lake is a contemporary recreation place with numerous hotels, restaurants, sports facilities, beaches and a zoo. The lakes water tower, womens beach, grand terrace, musical pavilion and Hotel Jezero have the privilege to be designed by the Suboticas City Hall architects. The resort is also popular for being a host to intriguing events such as: Duzijanca, Interno and Grape Picking Days.
10. The Skull Tower, Nis
Being an old barbaric tradition, the piling up of foes skulls was characteristic of some ancient cultures. Turned into a comparatively new display of the same, Ćele Kula was built in 1809 by Hursid Pasha - a Turkish general, as a cruel punishment for the Serbian rebels. The tower consists of 952 human skulls, arranged in 56 rows, each row made of 17 skulls. On the top was placed the skull of Commander Stevan Sinđelić who fired the gunpowder depot, blowing up his entire army and the already coming enemies so that they avoid surrendering to the Turks.
Danny Marshal on 21 Dec 2011
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